William Strunk Jr.

The Elements of Style

The Elements of Style is an American English writing style guide. It is one of the most influential and best-known prescriptive treatments of English grammar and usage in the United States. It originally detailed eight elementary rules of usage, ten elementary principles of composition, and "a few matters of form" as well as a list of commonly misused words and expressions. Updated editions of the paperback book are often required reading for American high school and college composition classes.
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    A nice guide, read it when I started a job in technical writing.


    Yasmina Yamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    The man whom he thought was his friend
    The man who (that) he thought was his friend (whom he thought his friend)
    Yasmina Yamembuat kutipantahun lalu

    While the temperature reaches 90 or 95 degrees in the daytime, the nights are often chilly.

    Although the temperature reaches 90 or 95 degrees in the daytime, the nights are often chilly.

    The paraphrase,

    The temperature reaches 90 or 95 degrees in the daytime; at the same time the nights are often chilly,

    shows why the use of while is incorrect.

    In general, the writer will do well to use while only with strict literalness, in the sense of during the time that.
    Yasmina Yamembuat kutipantahun lalu

    Avoid the indiscriminate use of this word for and, but, and although. Many writers use it frequently as a substitute for and or but, either from a mere desire to vary the connective, or from uncertainty which of the two connectives is the more appropriate. In this use it is best replaced by a semicolon.

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