Cash Flow from Investments (CFI). This is usually more important for large companies as it includes investments in property, securities, fixed deposits and acquisitions. Start-ups generally do not get involved in these activities and the cash inflow in this section is usually minor. However, there may be some outflow in terms of purchasing property, the plant and equipment. For example, if you purchase a bread-making machine for your business, it is considered a capital expense (outflow). If you merely rent the machine, it is considered an operational expense. Most start-ups will not risk spending too much on capital expenditure, as far as possible, as it is costly and jacks up the required working capital.
Furthermore, there are two types of ‘flows’—inflows and outflows. The definition of each is quite intuitive:
♦ Inflow. Money coming into your bank account—when you receive a loan from a bank.
♦ Outflow. Money going out of your bank account—when you pay for expenses.