en
Buku
Maria Montessori

Montessori Reader

    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    The diet of little children must be rich in fats and sugar: the first for reserve matter and the second for plastic tissue. In fact, sugar is a stimulant to tissues in the process of formation.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    Their gentleness is so absolute, so sweet, that we recognise in it the infancy of that humanity which can remain oppresed by every form of yoke, by every injustice; and the child’s love of knowledge is such that it surpasses every other love and makes us think that in very truth humanity must carry within it that passion which pushes the minds of men to the successive conquest of thought, making easier from century to century the yokes of every form of slavery.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    Adolescence does not come because the child laughs, or dances, or does gymnastic exercises, or is well nourished; but because he has arrived at that particular physiological state. Life makes itself manifest,–life creates, life gives
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    Man, disciplined through liberty, begins to desire the true and only prize which will never belittle or disappoint him,–the birth of human power and liberty within that inner life of his from which his activities must spring.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    The man who, through his own efforts, is able to perform all the actions necessary for his comfort and development in life, conquers himself, and in doing so multiplies his abilities and perfects himself as an individual.

    We must make of the future generation, powerful men, and by that we mean men who are independent and free.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    “useless consuming of life,”
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    We call an individual disciplined when he is master of himself, and can, therefore, regulate his own conduct when it shall be necessary to follow some rule of life.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    his training must be such as shall help him to diminish, in a rational manner, the social bonds, which limit his activity.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    the task of the educator lies in seeing that the child does not confound good with immobility and evil with activity, as often happens in the case of the old-time discipline. And all this because our aim is to discipline for activity, for work, for good; not for immobility, not for passivity, not for obedience.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    the first form of educational intervention must tend to lead the child toward independence.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    The method of observation is established upon one fundamental base–the liberty of the pupils in their spontaneous manifestations.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    upon the strange prejudice that, in order to execute any educational movement, we must maintain a special position of the body;–as we believe that we must assume a special position when we are about to pray.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    freedom is not only an external sign of liberty, but a means of education. If by an awkward movement a child upsets a chair, which falls noisily to the floor, he will have an evident proof of his own incapacity; the same movement had it taken place amid stationary benches would have passed unnoticed by him. Thus the child has some means by which he can correct himself, and having done so he will have before him the actual proof of the power he has gained: the little tables and chairs remain firm and silent each in its own place. It is plainly seen that the child has learned to command his movements.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    the child, conscious and free, reveals himself.
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    they will have acquired habits of order, and, above all, they will have formed the habit of observing themselves. Indeed, I may say here, that the children take a great pleasure in being measured;
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    We cannot know the consequences of suffocating a spontaneous action at the time when the child is just beginning to be active: perhaps we suffocate life itself. Humanity shows itself in all its intellectual splendour during this tender age as the sun shows itself at the dawn, and the flower in the first unfolding of the petals; and we must respect religiously, reverently, these first indications of individuality. I
    Наталия Мартемьяноваmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
    Child psychology can be established only through the method of external observation.
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