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Clayton Christensen,James Allworth,Karen Dillon

How Will You Measure Your Life?

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    Moo Hon Choongmembuat kutipan6 tahun yang lalu
    find a job that you love and you’ll never work a day in your life.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    100 Percent of the Time Is Easier Than 98 Percent of the Time
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    The safest road to Hell is the gradual one—the gentle slope, soft underfoot, without sudden turnings, without milestones, without signposts.

    —C. S. Lewis
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Culture is a way of working together toward common goals that have been followed so frequently and so successfully that people don’t even think about trying to do things another way.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Every time they tackle a problem, employees aren’t just solving the problem itself; in solving it, they are learning what matters. In the language of capabilities from the previous chapters, they are creating an understanding of the priorities in the business, and how to execute them—the processes.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    It’s natural to want the people you love to be happy. What can often be difficult is understanding what your role is in that. Thinking about your relationships from the perspective of the job to be done is the best way to understand what’s important to the people who mean the most to you. It allows you to develop true empathy. Asking yourself “What job does my spouse most need me to do?” gives you the ability to think about it in the right unit of analysis.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    IKEA has taken a totally different approach. Rather than organizing themselves around the characterization of particular customers or products, IKEA is structured around a job that customers periodically need to get done.

    A job?

    Through my research on innovation for the past two decades, my colleagues and I have developed a theory about this approach to marketing and product development, which we call “the job to be done.” The insight behind this way of thinking is that what causes us to buy a product or service is that we actually hire products to do jobs for us.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    What’s more, Risley and Hart’s research suggests that “language dancing” is the key to this cognitive advantage—not income, ethnicity, or parents’ education. “In other words,” summarized Risley and Hart, “some working-poor people talked a lot to their kids and their kids did really well. Some affluent businesspeople talked very little to their kids and their kids did very poorly…. All the variation in outcomes was taken up by the amount of talking, in the family, to the babies before age three.” A child who enters school with a strong vocabulary and strong cognitive abilities is likely to do well in school early on and continues to do well in the longer term.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    There’s significant research emerging that demonstrates just how important the earliest months of life are to the development of intellectual capacity. As recounted in our book Disrupting Class, two researchers, Todd Risley and Betty Hart, studied the effects of how parents talk to a child during the first two and a half years of life. After meticulously observing and recording all of the interactions between parent and child, they noticed that on average, parents speak 1,500 words per hour to their infant children. “Talkative” (often college-educated) parents spoke 2,100 words to their child, on average. By contrast, parents from less verbal (and often less-educated) backgrounds spoke only 600 per hour, on average. If you add that up over the first thirty months, the child of “talkative” parents heard an estimated 48 million words spoken, compared to the disadvantaged child, who heard only 13 million. The most important time for the children to hear the words, the research suggests, is the first year of life.

    Risley and Hart’s research followed the children they studied as they progressed through school. The number of words spoken to a child had a strong correlation between the number of words that they heard in their first thirty months and their performance on vocabulary and reading comprehension tests as they got older.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Professor Amar Bhide showed in his Origin and Evolution of New Business that 93 percent of all companies that ultimately become successful had to abandon their original strategy—because the original plan proved not to be viable. In other words, successful companies don’t succeed because they have the right strategy at the beginning; but rather, because they have money left over after the original strategy fails, so that they can pivot and try another approach. Most of those that fail, in contrast, spend all their money on their original strategy—which is usually wrong.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Watch where your resources flow. If they’re not supporting the strategy you’ve decided upon, then you’re not implementing that strategy at all.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Once you understand the concept of emergent and deliberate strategy, you’ll know that if you’ve yet to find something that really works in your career, expecting to have a clear vision of where your life will take you is just wasting time. Even worse, it may actually close your mind to unexpected opportunities. While you are still figuring out your career, you should keep the aperture of your life wide open. Depending on your particular circumstances, you should be prepared to experiment with different opportunities, ready to pivot, and continue to adjust your strategy until you find what it is that both satisfies the hygiene factors and gives you all the motivators. Only then does a deliberate strategy make sense. When you get it right, you’ll know.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    Before you take a job, carefully list what things others are going to need to do or to deliver in order for you to successfully achieve what you hope to do. Ask yourself: “What are the assumptions that have to prove true in order for me to be able to succeed in this assignment?” List them. Are they within your control?

    Equally important, ask yourself what assumptions have to prove true for you to be happy in the choice you are contemplating. Are you basing your position on extrinsic or intrinsic motivators? Why do you think this is going to be something you enjoy doing? What evidence do you have? Every time you consider a career move, keep thinking about the most important assumptions that have to prove true, and how you can swiftly and inexpensively test if they are valid. Make sure you are being realistic about the path ahead of you.
    Довран Одаевmembuat kutipan5 bulan yang lalu
    The opposite of job dissatisfaction isn’t job satisfaction, but rather an absence of job dissatisfaction.
    b0292531732membuat kutipan9 bulan yang lalu
    this work meaningful to me? Is this job going to give me a chance to develop? Am I going to learn new things? Will I have an opportunity for recognition and achievement? Am I going to be given responsibility?
    b0292531732membuat kutipan9 bulan yang lalu
    We should always remember that beyond a certain point, hygiene factors such as money, status, compensation, and job security are much more a by-product of being happy with a job rather than the cause of it. Realizing this frees us to focus on the things that really matter.
    b0292531732membuat kutipan9 bulan yang lalu
    This, in turn, can mean they get paid well; careers that are filled with motivators are often correlated with financial rewards
    b0292531732membuat kutipan9 bulan yang lalu
    looking for opportunities that you believe are meaningful, in which you will be able to learn new things, to succeed, and be given more and more responsibility to shoulder
    Shreya Ghoshmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    I guess the thing to learn from this is that children will learn when they are ready to learn, not when we’re ready to teach them.”
    Shreya Ghoshmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    In the end, a strategy is nothing but good intentions unless it’s effectively implemented.
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