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Buku
Paul Strathern

Kant: Philosophy in an Hour

“Each of these little books is witty and dramatic and creates a sense of time, place, and character….I cannot think of a better way to introduce oneself and one's friends to Western civilization.”—Katherine A. Powers, Boston Globe. “Well-written, clear and informed, they have a breezy wit about them….I find them hard to stop reading.”—Richard Bernstein, New York Times. “Witty, illuminating, and blessedly concise.”—Jim Holt, Wall Street Journal. These brief and enlightening explorations of our greatest thinkers bring their ideas to life in entertaining and accessible fashion. Philosophical thought is deciphered and made comprehensive and interesting to almost everyone. Far from being a novelty, each book is a highly refined appraisal of the philosopher and his work, authoritative and clearly presented.
49 halaman cetak
Publikasi asli
1996
Penerbit
Ivan R. Dee

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Kutipan

    Medionmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    When we come to metaphysics, however, the opposite is true. Metaphysics has nothing to do with experience (as it is “beyond physics”). This means we cannot apply “categories” such as quantity and quality to metaphysics, because these are the framework of our knowledge of experience. Thus metaphysics excludes itself from the realm of synthetic a priori judgments and has no scientific basis. So if we take a metaphysical concept, such as God, we cannot make any scientific (or verifiable) statement about him, because any categories we might apply are relevant only to experience. Thus to talk of the existence (or nonexistence) of God is to misapply the categories.
    Medionmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    Kant was searching for nothing less than the fundamental moral law. But surely it was impossible to discover such a law that would please everyone? From Christians to Buddhists, from liberals to Prussians – all believing in the same fundamental good? Kant believed it was possible to discover a basic law; but he did so by side-stepping what most would consider to be the main question. Good and evil were not his concern here. He was not seeking to discover some essence of all the different interpretations of these basic moral concepts. Kant stressed that he was seeking the grounds of morality rather than its content. As with pure reason, so with practical reason: what was needed was a set of a priori principles like the categories.
    Medionmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    the other hand, Kant’s argument that we can never know the real world carries considerable weight. All the things we perceive are only phenomena. The thing-in-itself (the nuomena) which supports or gives rise to these phenomena remains forever unknowable. And there is no reason why it should resemble in any way our perceptions. The phenomena are perceived by way of our categories, which have nothing whatsoever to do with the thing-in-itself. This remains beyond quality, quantity, relation, and the like.

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