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Sigmund Freud

The Ego and the Id

    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    hrough becoming connected with the word-presentations corresponding to it.’
    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    e already know the point from which we have to start in this connection. We have said that consciousness is the surface of the mental apparatus; that is, we have ascribed it as a function to a system which is spatially the first one reached from the external world-and spatially not only in the functional sense but, on this occasion, also in the sense of anatomical dissection.
    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    But stop, how is that possible-What does it mean when we say ‘making something conscious’
    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    consciousness but also from other forms of effectiveness and activity. In analysis these trends which have been shut out stand in opposition to the ego, and the analysis is faced with the task of removing the resistances which the ego displays against concerning itself with the represse
    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    From this ego proceed the repressions, too, by means of which it is sought to exclude certain trends in the mind not merely from
    David Teglbjærgmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    e have found-that is, we have been obliged to assume-that very powerful mental processes or ideas exist (and here a quantitative or economic factor comes into question for the first time) which can produce all the effects in mental life that ordinary ideas do (including effects that can in their turn become conscious
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    dread of castration is probably the nucleus round which the subsequent fear of conscience has gathered
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    Psychoanalysis is an instrument to enable the ego to achieve a progressive conquest of the id.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    After sublimation the erotic component no longer has the power to bind the whole of the destructiveness that was combined with it, and this is released in the form of an inclination to aggression and destruction
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    is remarkable that the more a man checks his aggressiveness towards the exterior the more severe-that is aggressive-he becomes in his ego ideal.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    In many criminals, especially youthful ones, it is possible to detect a very powerful sense of guilt which existed before the crime, and is therefore not its result but its motive. It is as if it was a relief to be able to fasten this unconscious sense of guilt on to something real and immediate.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    a rule the ego carries out repressions in the service and at the behest of its superego
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    superego knew more than the ego about the unconscious id.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    The feelings of inferiority so well known in neurotics
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    a ‘moral’ factor, a sense of guilt, which is finding its satisfaction in the illness and refuses to give up the punishment of suffering.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    There is no doubt that there is something in these people that sets itself against their recovery, and its approach is dreaded as though it were a danger. We are accustomed to say that the need for illness has got the upper hand in them over the desire for recovery.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    former weakness and dependence of the ego, and the mature ego remains subject to its domination.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    the ego is formed to a great extent out of identifications which take the place of abandoned cathexes by the id; that the first of these identifications always behave as a special agency in the ego and stand apart from the ego in the form of a superego, while later on, as it grows stronger, the ego may become more resistant to the influences of such identifications.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    the death instincts are by their nature mute and that the clamour of life proceeds for the most part from Eros.
    Sabina Guseynovamembuat kutipantahun lalu
    Not quite the same thing but something like it happens when the hostile rivalry leading to homosexuality is overcome. The hostile attitude has no prospect of satisfaction; consequently-for economic reasons, that is-it is replaced by a loving attitude for which there is more prospect of satisfaction-that is, possibility of discharge.
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