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Paul Strathern

Socrates: Philosophy in an Hour

“Each of these little books is witty and dramatic and creates a sense of time, place, and character….I cannot think of a better way to introduce oneself and one's friends to Western civilization.”—Katherine A. Powers, Boston Globe. “Well-written, clear and informed, they have a breezy wit about them….I find them hard to stop reading.”—Richard Bernstein, New York Times. “Witty, illuminating, and blessedly concise.”—Jim Holt, Wall Street Journal. These brief and enlightening explorations of our greatest thinkers bring their ideas to life in entertaining and accessible fashion. Philosophical thought is deciphered and made comprehensive and interesting to almost everyone. Far from being a novelty, each book is a highly refined appraisal of the philosopher and his work, authoritative and clearly presented.
47 halaman cetak
Publikasi asli
1997
Penerbit
Ivan R. Dee

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    Nicolas Palaciosmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    As Socrates wrote nothing down, it seems only fair to begin with a quotation that explains why he did this:

    Knowing nothing, what could I write down?

    He goes on to explain:

    Once there was an ancient Egyptian god called Theuth. He invented numbers, geometry, astronomy, dice, and writing. One day Theuth went to see Thamus, the King of Upper Egypt, and began to show him all he had invented. When Theuth reached the alphabet, he explained: “This is an invention which will greatly improve the wisdom and memory of your people.” But the king replied: “O ingenious Theuth, your alphabet will have exactly the opposite effect from the one you claim. As soon as Egyptians begin to rely upon written wisdom, they will stop using their memory and call things to mind not by using their own internal resources, as they should, but by using these external signs.
    Nicolas Palaciosmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    . He would begin by asking his adversary to define the subject under discussion – which might be anything from the nature of justice to the method of becoming a general. Whether sublime or ridiculous, the subject was given the same treatment. This was the great innovation of the dialectic: it was a tool that could be applied to anything. Having elicited a definition of the subject, Socrates would then proceed to pick holes in it, and in the process a better definition would be achieved. In this way he advanced from particular examples to those with more general application, finally arriving at the universal truth.
    Nicolas Palaciosmembuat kutipantahun lalu
    He would begin by asking his adversary to define the subject under discussion – which might be anything from the nature of justice to the method of becoming a general. Whether sublime or ridiculous, the subject was given the same treatment

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