Sheridan Le Fanu's historical mystery novel The House by the Churchyard was written in 1863. A skull unearthed in a churchyard show signs of violent blows to the head and, even more disturbingly, the small hole caused by trepanning. One hundred years before, a coffin is buried secretly, "e;R.D."e; the only identification on its brass plague. The House by the Churchyard was a major source of inspiration for James Joyce's Finnegans Wake.