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Dan Senor,Saul Singer

Start-Up Nation: The Story of Israel's Economic Miracle

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Mykola Solodukhamembuat kutipantahun lalu
He was the world’s most famous living Israeli, an erudite two-time prime minister and Nobel Prize winner. At eighty-three years old, Shimon Peres certainly did not need another adventure.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
asynchrony . . . [such as] a lack of fit, an unusual pattern, or an irregularity” have the power to stimulate economic creativity.19
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
judgment, and investing whatever effort is necessary. It emphasizes improvisation over discipline, and challenging the chief over respect for hierarchy. Indeed, “challenge the chief” is an injunction issued to junior Israeli soldiers, one that comes directly from a postwar military commission that we’ll look at later. But everything about Singapore runs counter to a rosh gadol mentality.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
Rosh katan behavior, which is shunned, means interpreting orders as narrowly as possible to avoid taking on responsibility or extra work. Rosh gadol thinking means following orders but doing so in the best possible way, using
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
This maturity is especially powerful when mixed with an almost childish impatience.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan2 tahun yang lalu
evident throughout much of the military and seems to be part of the Israeli ethos: to teach people how to be very good at a lot of things, rather than excellent at one thing.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan3 tahun yang lalu
The more brazen the attacks, the larger the turnout.
Welcome to Israel’s “new normal.”
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
All
countries have problems and constraints, he told us, but what’s striking about Israel is the penchant for taking problems—like
the lack of water—and turning them into assets—in this case, by becoming leaders in the fields of desert agriculture, drip
irrigation, and desalination. T
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Other countries may generate them
in small numbers, but the Israeli economy benefits from the phenomena of rosh gadol thinking and critical reassessment, undergirded by a doctrine of experimentation, rather than standardization, wide enough
to have a national and even a global impact.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
edge of chaos.” They define that edge as “the estuary region where rigid
order and random chaos meet and generate high levels of adaptation, complexity, and creativity.”20
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Thus, the most formidable obstacle to fluidity is order. A bit of mayhem is not only healthy but critical.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Fluidity, according to a new school of economists studying key ingredients for entrepreneurialism, is produced when people
can cross boundaries, turn societal norms upside down, and agitate in a free-market economy, all to catalyze radical ideas.
Or as Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner puts it, different types of “asynchrony . . . [such as] a lack of fit, an unusual
pattern, or an irregularity” have the power to stimulate economic creativity.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
What does all this mean for a country like Singapore, trying not just to emulate Israel’s military structure but to inject
some of Israel’s inventiveness into its economy, as well? As noted above, Singapore differs dramatically from Israel both
in its order and in its insistence on obedience. Singapore’s politeness, manicured lawns, and one-party rule have cleansed the fluidity from its economy.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Large organizations, whether military or corporate, must be constantly wary of kowtowing and groupthink, or the entire apparatus
can rush headlong into terrible mistakes. Yet most militaries, and many corporations, seem willing to sacrifice flexibility
for discipline, initiative for organization, and innovation for predictability. This, at least in principle, is not the Israeli
way.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Assertiveness versus insolence; critical,
independent thinking versus insubordination; ambition and vision versus arrogance—the words you choose depend on your perspective,
but collectively they describe the typical Israeli entrepreneur.
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
I think they make no sense,” Ghosn said confidently. “A hybrid is like a mermaid: if you want a fish, you get a woman; if
you want a woman, you get a fish.”
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Oil is finished, he said; it may still be coming out of the ground, but the world doesn’t want it anymore. More importantly,
Peres told Ghosn, it is financing international terrorism and instability. “We don’t need to defend against incoming Katyusha
rockets,” he pointed out, “if we can figure out how to cut off the funding that launches them in the first place.”
Iren Aloyanmembuat kutipan4 tahun yang lalu
Something about coming from an embattled sliver of a country—home to just one one-thousandth of the world’s population—makes
Israelis skeptical of conventional explanations about what is possible. If the essence of the Israeli condition, as Peres
later told us, was to be “dissatisfied,” then Agassi typified Israel’s national ethos.
Sanzhar Surshanovmembuat kutipan8 tahun yang lalu
For example, an Emirati woman who marries an expat must give up her citizenship, and their children will not be issued a UAE passport or any of the government’s welfare benefits.
Sanzhar Surshanovmembuat kutipan8 tahun yang lalu
Today, Israel has eight universities and twenty-seven colleges. Four of them are in the top 150 worldwide universities and seven are in the top 100 Asia Pacific universities.
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