Financial report analysis is a process which involves various techniques to review and evaluate the company’s financial statements. These financial statements include Balance sheet, Profit and loss statement and other reports which are generated using the inflow and outflow of the company. The analysis provides the user’s with an understanding of the company’s financial health. This is mostly undertaken to help the organization take vital business decisions. It is necessary for every organization to maintain financial data in the desired format, this data is analyzed using techniques which are beneficial for the shareholders, managers, employees and any other interested parties.
Analysis of a financial report is undertaken by experts who use various different analysis technique like- Ratio analysis, vertical analysis, horizontal analysis and find out relevant information from them. The data used is past and present statements which are analyzed mostly to see what the future has in store for the organization. Mostly more than one year of data is used to make the analysis fruitful and reliable.