This book is one of a series of books entitled “Essential Skills for the Public Sector”. It sets out the process of identifying a clear vision, SMART objectives, strategies and action plans for public sector and not-for-profit organisations. Business planning is an essential process to ensure the long term future viability and sustainability of an organisation. It gives direction and a framework within which public services can be delivered and continuously developed to meet the challenges of change and constraints. Effective planning assists managers to ensure they deliver the best possible service within the resources available. There are worked examples and practical exercises which allow the theory to be put into practice, encouraging self-development and continuous improvement. The style is simple, easy to read, and accessible to staff at all levels within an organisation. It is an essential addition to a manager’s toolkit of skills and knowledge.